Over the past 70 years, the speed of hurricanes and tropical storms has slowed about 10% on average, according to new research.
That doesn’t mean storm systems have become less intense, just that they’re crossing Earth more slowly, which actually gives storms more time to dump rain and lash an area with powerful winds.
Over land, especially in the North Atlantic and Western North Pacific, storms are moving 20-30% more slowly.
When Hurricane Harvey hit the Texas coast on August 25, 2017, it made landfall as a Category 4 storm with 130-mph winds.
Harvey was the first major hurricane to hit the US since 2005, but it weakened to a tropical storm over land, which hurricanes tend to do when they are no longer drawing warmth and energy from the sea. But then the storm did something different.
For days, Harvey dumped unprecedented amounts of rain on and around Houston. It sucked up more water from the Gulf and even reversed direction, setting records and causing more than $126 billion in damage and economic loss.
Tom Di Liberto described it on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) website as the “storm that refused to leave.”
Instead of being anomalies, storms like Harvey might represent a sort of new normal, according to a new assessment published in the journal Nature. The analysis, done by by NOAA researcher James Kossin, shows that hurricanes, typhoons, and tropical storms are moving more slowly over the Earth’s surface, especially over land.
That doesn’t mean these storms are any less powerful — in fact, they may be intensifying and developing into powerful hurricanes in a shorter time span, according to other recent research. Instead, moving at a slower pace gives storms even more time to dump rain and whip coasts with powerful winds, making them more destructive.
The storm slowdown
Storms have slowed by an average of 10%, according to Kossin’s research. Over the time period he studied — from 1949 to 2016 — the average global temperature rose 0.5 degrees Celsius due to climate change. A warmer atmosphere can hold more moisture, so when you take into account 1 degree Celsius of warming, a 10% slowdown could double the amount of rainfall and flooding that an area experiences.
“These trends are almost certainly increasing local rainfall totals and freshwater flooding, which is associated with very high mortality risk,” Kossin said in a news release.
Kossin …read more
Source:: Business Insider